Who invented the first car? Was it really Karl Benz? What were the forerunners of today's car, and who were their inventors? The invention of the car – a historical overview.
The car and its history
Trolleys pulled by animals determined the streetscape for thousands of years. It was not until more than 400 years ago in Europe that technical and scientific progress enabled the construction of engines without which there would be no car.
Christian Huygens was the first to construct a primitive engine in 1673. He exploded gunpowder inside a cylinder, causing a piston to move. He recognized the potential of engines as a source of power to move, but his engine was far too primitive to be of much use. Other inventors based on his findings.
The first "real" car – invented by Nicolas Cugnot
Who invented the car – A car that can carry people was invented only a hundred years after Verbiest. The Frenchman Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot built between 1769 and 1771 a steam-powered car.
Cugnot's car was heavy – weighing 2.5 tons. It had two large rear wheels and a front wheel and could accommodate four people. The big steam boiler was in the front part of the vehicle. The top speed of the 1st car was below 10 km / h.
Autoerfinder and the search for the perfect drive
There were many attempts by various inventors to build a self-propelled vehicle, but none of them made the breakthrough.
The Russian inventor Ivan Kulibin invented a steam car in the 1780s, which already had many features of a modern automobile. His car had brakes, gears, flywheel and various bearings.
Steam cars are powered by steam engines that require a complex operation. For locomotion in small passenger cars, this power source was therefore rather impractical.
Gustave Trouve from France invented in 1881 the first electric car. Like today, the possibilities of an electric car were already limited at that time. Heavy accumulators, long charging times and low power were the biggest failures of the first electric car in the world.
A car must be easy to operate and be able to reliably transport its crew over longer distances.
Karl Benz, the German mechanical engineer, developed in 1885 the first automobile that was powered by a gasoline engine. The Benz Patent Motowagen was the first car that was "practical". No comparison to the steam cars. Refuel petrol and start the engine at the flywheel to enjoy motorized locomotion. The company of Karl Benz and Gottlieb Daimler is still known today as Mercedes-Benz, making it the oldest car brand in the world.
Who invented the car? – Ferdinand Verbiest, Nicolas-Joseph Cugnot, Ivan Kulibin, Gustave Trouve and Karl Benz.