What is white rum? »The most important information about sugar cane distillate – Goose liquor

Summer, sun, beach and an ice-cold drink in your hand. No matter if Cuba Libre or Hurricane – white rum is an integral part of many summer drinks. But what exactly is the “white” gold of the South Pacific and how is it made? In our guide we clarify the most important questions about the Caribbean spirit No. 1.

What raw materials are white rum made from?

White rum is made almost exclusively from sugar cane molasses, while rhum agricole and cachaça are made from sugar cane juice. Molasses itself is a brown viscous syrup and a waste product from sugar production. Since sugar cane thrives particularly well under the Caribbean sun, the production of rum is traditionally particularly widespread in these latitudes. Rum is also distilled outside the Caribbean. For example, the Don Papa Rum, which comes from the Philippines.

Rum is also mostly distilled in large column stills. (Photo: Liquidstories)
Rum is also mostly distilled in large column stills. (Photo: Liquidstories)

How is white rum made?

For the production of white rum, a mash is produced from the sugar cane molasses (or a mixture of molasses, sugar cane chaff and water). The mash is now fermented with the active support of yeast cultures. Note: No alcohol without yeast and fermentation. The yeast cultures ferment the mash until it has an alcohol content of approx. 4-6% (similar to beer). The distilleries sometimes speak of sugar wine. This wine is then distilled to a strength of 65 to 75%, usually using large column stills (similar to the production of vodka).

After the distillation, white rum is only stored briefly (mostly in steel tanks), then diluted to drinking strength and then bottled. The bottled alcohol strength also depends on the type of rum. A real rum must have at least 37.5%, an overproof rum, however, at least 57.15%.

What is the difference between brown and white rum?

The production of white and brown rum is mostly identical. The main big difference between brown and white rum is the storage in oak barrels. While white rum is almost immediately diluted and bottled after distillation, brown rum is previously aged in oak barrels.

Former Bourbon barrels are often used for this. As in the production of Spanish sherry wines, maturation in the Solera system is also common. Correspondingly matured rums have a corresponding additive. During the ripening process, the oak absorbs more aromas and colors. As a rule, however, before bottling brown rum (as with Scotch Whiskey), it is recolored with caramel.

Which white rum is good?

Since the production of white rum is not particularly complex and there is no long ripening, good white rums for beginners are already relatively cheap. In addition, white rum is usually drunk mixed in cocktails, so that in most cases the last taste nuances are not important. Nevertheless, it makes a difference in the drink, of course, whether you pour a cheap liquor for 5 euros or a slightly better quality up to 20 euros. You don't have to shy away from the big rum brands like Bacardi or Havana Club, even if there are many good rums from lesser-known manufacturers.

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Last update on March 26th, 2020 at 01:53 am / Affiliate Links / Images from the Amazon Product Advertising API