Cachaça is a sugarcane brandy and should not be confused with sugar cane rum. Cachaça even has its own spirit classification in the EU Spirits Regulation. Cachaça is made from sugar cane, water and possibly sugar. The translated meaning of the word is simply "schnapps". The alcohol volume must be at least 38 percent, but not more than 48 percent. However, there are also products up to 54 percent volume alcohol, but these are specially marked.
As a country with a high proportion of sugarcane cultivation, sugarcane brandy in Brazil is simply the most common way of producing cheap alcohol. Cachaça, in particular, has to distinguish between industrial and traditional production. While industrial cane liquor is continuously distilled in steel tanks, traditional distillation is carried out in copper bubbles and discontinuously. But even the harvest is significantly different. In traditional cachaça production, sugar cane is also beaten by hand. It is then pressed and fermented. There are enough yeasts on the cane to squeeze the fermentation. This is given around 36 hours during traditional fermentation. Later, the fermented juice is distilled several times until the alcohol volume is between 38 and 48 percent.
In industrial processing, the fermentation must be started with yeast cultures, as also water is mixed in. The differences to traditional distillation are considerable: in traditional distillations, alcohol loses less flavor, and as a result, the difference in taste is correspondingly large. As compensation, industrially produced cachaça may be fed with 30 grams of sugar. If more than 6 grams per liter are added, the addition "adoçada" must be added. The traditional sugarcane brandy is Artesanal, while the industrial grade is aguardente. In addition, a distinction is made between young, unsaved and stored cachaça: "prata" or "envelhecida". The difference to rum is also easy. When Rumbrand first sugar is extracted from the sugar cane and burned from the resulting waste product, the molasses, the distillate. The exported cachaça, which is also available in Germany, is mostly industrial, as this is the only way to keep the large export volumes and the attractive prices desired by the consumer.
Cachaça has become an export hit, especially the Caipirinha, through a fashion cocktail. Other well-known cocktails where the cane brandy is needed are Batida and Batida de Coco. For a refreshing long drink, the sugarcane brandy is often mixed with passion fruit juice or lemon juice, and cola is also popular. The taste of cachaça drinks always resonates with a certain holiday feeling.